(b) improving the ability to adapt to the negative effects of climate change and promoting resilience to climate change and the development of low greenhouse gas emissions so as not to endanger food production; The Climate Action Tracker (CAT) quantifies and evaluates climate change commitments and assesses whether a government is doing its „fair share“ compared to others towards global efforts to limit global warming, in accordance with the Paris Agreement. India, which aims to reduce the intensity of GDP emissions by 33-35% by 2030 from 2005 levels, is the only country on the list to be in the „green“ zone, according to the CTU`s assessment that the country is compatible at 2oC. According to the report, other nations and the European Union`s objectives do not go far enough to contain global warming between 1.5 and 2 degrees Celsius, and their actions fall short of the targets set when the Paris Agreement was ratified. The projected increase in temperature under these commitments is now expected to exceed 2.7oC by 2100. No country, with the exception of Japan, has yet presented new targets – although the report said Japan had not made any changes to its original target. According to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), temperatures are expected to rise by 3.2oC by the end of the 21st century, based solely on the current climate commitments of the Paris Agreement. To limit the increase in global temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius, annual emissions must be below 25 Gigaton (Gt) by 2030. With the current commitments of November 2019, emissions by 2030 will be 56 Gt CO2e, twice the environmental target. To limit the increase in global temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius, an annual reduction in emissions of 7.6% is needed between 2020 and 2030. The four main emitters (China, the United States, the EU-27 and India) have contributed more than 55% of total emissions over the past decade, excluding emissions due to land use changes such as deforestation. China`s emissions increased by 1.6% in 2018 to a peak of 13.7 Gt CO2 equivalent.
U.S. emissions account for 13% of global emissions and emissions have increased by 2.5% in 2018. EU emissions, which account for 8.5% of global emissions, have fallen by 1% per year over the past decade. Emissions fell by 1.3% in 2018. In 2018, 7% of India`s global emissions increased by 5.5%, but its per capita emissions are one of the lowest in the G20.  COVID-19 has increased the vulnerability of people at risk of forced displacement by storms, floods and other climate disasters. The Indian government responded to the economic crisis with one of the world`s largest stimulus packages as a percentage of GDP.